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History of Coffee

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History of Coffee

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With the large multi-national coffee companies focused purely on coffee as a commodity rather then a drink to be savoured, it allowed a new sector to emerge in the coffee industry: Speciality Coffee. Speciality coffee was nothing new, rather the opposite; it stripped coffee making back down to the grass roots: pure arabica beans, roasted long enough for the coffee to fully develop all its characteristics and flavours.

During the ‘Dark Age’ of coffee there was still excellent coffee available, if you knew where to look for it. A number of small cafes and shops continued to trade, sourcing and roasting high quality arabica beans. These outlets were typically run and frequented by immigrants (usually Arabs, Turks, Greeks and Italians), far from the mainstream. All this began to change in the 1960s, with the post World War II ‘Baby Boomers’ coming into adulthood. Many of this generation were keen not to follow in their parents footsteps, preferring to act in a more bohemian way. For them, these cafes and shops were an ideal place to meet, read poetry, take drugs and experience alternative culture.

One such coffee shop in Berkeley (California) is widely credited as being the main inspiration on the emergence of the speciality coffee sector. Peet’s Coffee & Tea store, opened in 1966 by Alfred Peet (dubbed the ‘grandfather of speciality coffee’), enthused a number of its customers, who later became key players in the speciality sector. Peet, an immigrant from Alkmaar (Holland), had developed a distinctive style of roasting coffee from working in his family’s coffee and tea business. After emigrating to California, aged thirty-five, he opened his shop employing his artisan coffee roasting techniques to build a loyal customer base. Peet’s coffee was so loved that he even had his own set of groupies: the ‘Peetniks’.

Two of Peet’s most important customers (historically) were a couple of Seattle coffee lovers named Jerry Baldwin and Gordon Bowker. In 1971, after tasting Peet’s fine brews, they were inspired to open their own coffee shop back in Seattle called Starbucks. Starbucks opened as a bean-only-store, steadily building a loyal customer base during the 70s and early 80s through its fine arabicas and darker roasts.

In 1984, the director of retail operations and marketing, Howard Schultz, tried to persuade Baldwin and Bowker to open the first Starbucks coffeehouse. Schultz had just returned from a trip to Milan, where he had noticed the existence of coffeehouses on almost every block. These were not just places to enjoy great espresso coffee, but also served as meeting places. Schultz was keen to recreate this kind of coffeehouse in America, but Baldwin and Bowker rejected Schultz’s plans as they were unwilling to get into the restaurant business.

Undeterred, Schultz left Starbucks in 1985 to open his own coffeehouse, ‘Il Giornale’. Still using Starbucks coffee beans to make espresso drinks, Il Giornale proved extremely popular with the Seattle public. So popular in fact() that, in 1987, Schultz was able to buy Starbucks from Bowker and Schultz. Changing Il Giornale’s name to Starbucks, Schultz began to rapidly expand, opening over 1,000 stores in a decade.

The story of the first British speciality coffeehouse also involves Alfred Peet. In 1995, Scott and Ally Svenson wanted to open a coffeehouse in Covent Garden, London. Their background was in marketing and design and, even though they were originally from Seattle, they did not know much about coffee. This is why they approached Steven Macatonia and Jeremy Torz of Union Coffee Roasters. Steven and Jeremy had fallen in love with coffee while working at Peet’s in California. On their return home they decided to open their own roasting outlet and were soon supplying places such as the River Café, the Caprice, and the Ivy.

The Covent Garden coffeehouse, named the Seattle Coffee Company, was another big success and inevitably expansion soon followed. The rapid growth of the company caused increasing demand on Union Coffee Roasters, so the two companies decided to merge together. In 1998, after opening over 60 outlets throughout the UK, Starbucks came knocking at their door. They saw the acquisition of the Seattle Coffee Company as an ideal way to enter the UK market. Soon the Seattle Coffee Company was no more, with all its stores re-branded as Starbucks.

The popularity of coffeehouses has been phenomenal. Almost every high street in Britain has a least one coffeehouse now. Words such as espresso, cappuccino and café latte are commonplace. In fact the price of a café latte is now one of the products that the British government use to measure inflation. Market analysers believe that the success of the coffeehouse is not solely due to the coffee they serve, but the atmosphere in which it is served. Coffeehouses in Britain in the 1990s were a break from convention. In the consumerist landscape of the high-street, coffeehouses represented a place to relax.

Customers were encouraged to take their time over their coffee; sit on big comfy sofas; offered the daily newspapers to read; allowed to idle the afternoon away watching the world go by. In other words, coffeehouses had returned to playing their original role in society, as they had done when they first arrived in Britain back in 17th Century.

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The growth of these coffeehouses has helped to heighten the public’s awareness of the speciality coffee sector. Increasingly, individuals are looking to have a slice of the coffeehouse in their own home, investing in espresso makers and other coffee accessories. Coffee is now widely available from a multitude of origins, roasted to differing degrees and ground to your requirement. In short, the ‘Dark Age’ of coffee is well and truly over.

Get Additional Advantage

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Get Additional Advantage

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When it comes to the theory, online stock trading and making the best stock pick is easy to learn. Even beginners with no background in finance can do it. Learning how to trade online is easier nowadays, because of the many sites that offer trading services and applications that enable beginners like you to know how to trade stocks. In secured loans Online stock firms are your best bets for learn the tools for making the best stock pick on the lot.

Online Brokerage Firm – Start by surfing for an online brokerage firm that offers start-up accounts that are easy to use and understand. In Secured Loans UK many sites that offer turnkey applications and solutions for beginners like you to learn quickly about making the best stock pick.

So choose one that you’re most comfortable with when you sign up. Many sites will also show the steps and ways for you to manage your stock and keep track of your stock investments. That way, not only are you learning something new, you’ll be able to guarantee your investments yourself, and make the best stock pick you want. This Secured Loans UK information may be delivered in delayed or real-time or real-time formats.

Getting real-time stock information is a requirement if you’re interested in making the best stock pick. On the other hand Secured Loans UK delayed stock quotes like after hours stock quote reports are often used for stock analysis and market projections. These reports also include information on stock performance, as well as trading speculations and other news that may influence the value of your stock during the next trading day, week, or even month. You can also use this information in developing your own stock trading strategy, while earning the experience to make the best stock pick.

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Be sure to keep a pulse on what’s happening to your stock trading and investments so you can make the necessary adjustments. In Secured Loans UK is keeping updated with the latest stock information is the best lesson to learn about online stock trading and making the best stock pick.

Experience The Quest: Yukon Quest Sled Dog Race

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Experience The Quest: Yukon Quest Sled Dog Race

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Known as the “Toughest Sled Dog Race in the World,” the annual Yukon Quest Sled Dog Race annually covers over 1,000 miles between the Yukon and Alaska. Alternating starting and finish lines between Whitehorse, Yukon Territory and Fairbanks, Alaska, this sled dog race is not for the faint of heart! The terrain is some of the most difficult on the planet and the demanding trail constantly keeps sled dogs and their mushers on their toes as potential disasters wait around every turn. This race takes place each February, with the date exact date wavering depending on the weather conditions of the brutal Yukon winter.

The trail for the Yukon Quest Sled Dog Race is as historic as the sport itself. Originally part of the original Gold Rush trail and the Mail Delivery trails dating back to the turn of the Twentieth Century, the trail is steeped in lore. Most of this trail cuts through untouched wilderness, thought to be some of the last on the entire continent. Lasting approximately two weeks, the mushers enter the race with his or her 14 dog sled team, striving to reach Fairbanks first. The field is diverse and features entries from all over the world, but all the entries have one thing in common—they came to win!

If you find yourself in the great state of Alaska or in the beautiful territory of the Yukon this February, do not miss an opportunity to attend the Yukon Quest Sled Dog Race! Individuals of all ages are sure to enjoy this unique experience and will remember seeing the running dogs, hearing the crunch of snow, and feeling the overall air of excitement for years to come. Whether you send off the competitors in the tiny town of Whitehorse in Canada’s Yukon territory or welcome the heroic mushers and sled dogs into lovely downtown Fairbanks, Alaska, there are many opportunities to see this race. Many of the race’s checkpoints are accessible by major roadways, allowing visitors from all corners of the globe to experience this race first hand. Discover what goes on behind the scenes at a major dog sled race. This race requires a whole crew of individuals to work diligently while the competitors fly over snow banks. From veterinarians to care for the sled dogs to doctors to care for the mushers to talented chefs to provide all competitors—both animal and human—with quality food, it truly takes a village for the event to get off the ground.

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Make a trip to Alaska to experience the nonstop action and excitement of the Yukon Quest Sled Dog Race! Bring the entire family to cheer on all the competitors and watch as one talented musher and his (or her!) sled dog team crosses into Fairbanks first to be declared victorious!

Examining Online Stock Investing

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Examining Online Stock Investing

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Source: Flickr

The stock market can be traced back to the late 1700s, in the infancy of the United States. Beginning in Philadelphia, the first American stock exchanged was founded in order to bolster commerce in this new world. Before long the New York Stock Exchange was born which soon gave rise to the New York Stock and Exchange Board which led the now frenetic pace that exists today on Wall Street.

In buying a stock, an investor becomes a shareholder – or part owner – in a company. The company then uses the money supplied by their investors to further their business and increase profits. These profits are reflected in the growing price of the stock – the money needed to purchase a share of the company. Investors who now own stock in the company have seen their investment grow and should they now decide to sell this particular stock they will make more money than they originally paid for it.

This is the basic premise behind the stock market. For many generations, the stock exchange was a brick and mortar world in which investors operated through their stock brokers – professionals who would “broker” a deal between the company that was selling stock and their investor who wanted to buy it. In today’s world, however, finance is conducted very differently; through a vast network of worldwide computers that act as a facilitator to online stock investing.

Online stock investing offers consumers the opportunity to establish an account right on the Internet through any one of the online brokerage houses in existence today. It is of the utmost importance to choose a reputable brokerage company with which to work; some of the more popular companies such as Ameritrade and ETrade Financial have earned superior reputations in the industry.

Once a relationship with a reputable brokerage company is established, online stock investing first requires setting up an online account through the company. You can then build your portfolio, set financial goals, and buy and sell stocks through the site. Some of the benefits available to those who invest in this manner, include immediate access to their account profile online, up-to-the-minute stock quotes, and research and information regarding companies and the stock they offer.

Some of the other significant benefits to online stock investing include low broker’s fees. While traditional brokerage fees can be on the pricey side, online stock investing generally costs the online investor $7 to $10 per trade. Online stock investing also provides the investor with greater control over their portfolio; the buying and selling of stock is completely dependent upon the investor’s decision.

The online tools provided by the brokerage company allow the investor to chart the course of stocks of interest and review the most comprehensive information available. Of course, the most obvious benefit of online stock investing is its convenience; investing can be done right in the home – saving time and money.

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The world of trading stock has changed; and stock brokers and investors alike must keep pace in this new financial world. Online stock investing is the present – and stands to be the future – of trading stock.

Don’t Blink: The Different Types of RC Race Cars

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Don’t Blink: The Different Types of RC Race Cars

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RC cars are made to have fun. However, there are some people who take their “fun” very seriously. These are the people who build serious RC race cars and actually pit their skills against each other. This is actually not a new trend. People have started racing model cars even in the early 1940’s. However, the technology during that time was insufficient to properly control the models. These cars were control using a tether and thus, could only run around in circles. True RC race cars were introduced in the late 1960’s. These RC race cars could be controlled from a separate unit and be raced around a track.

There are different classifications of RC race cars according to fuel use and terrain. This is because of the fact that different types of RC race cars may be called superior in different conditions. Here are some classifications:

According to power source:

1) Electric- Electric RC race cars are generally lighter than gas-powered models. They also have the advantage of having more torque. Another advantage to electric RC race cars is the fact that these models are generally more responsive to the controls. This means that a person using an electric RC car will be able to react faster to different conditions on the track. There is also the fact that electric RC cars are generally cleaner in terms of fuel and in terms of the accumulated dirt during races. This means that electric RC race cars are easier to maintain than gas-powered models.

One disadvantage to electric RC race cars is the fact that it can take a long time for people to recharge the batteries. There is also the issue of speed: although electric RC race cars accelerate faster, they generally reach lower top speeds than gas-powered models.

2) Nitro- Nitro RC race cars are powered with a miniature engine that uses a mixture of Nitromethane and lubricant as fuel. Nitro RC race cars are known to reach record-breaking top speeds -much faster than what electric models are capable of. They can also run for longer times and are easier to refuel, which means that they can be enjoyed longer.

The disadvantages to this type of RC car are rooted in the fact that combustion is the process that makes it work. Combustion produces smoke and a lot of noise, which means it can’t be used indoors. It also produces a lot of dirt, which means that Nitro RC race cars generally require more effort to clean. A nitro RC race car also requires regular tuning and maintenance in order to remain in top form.

According to terrain:

1) On-road- Some types of RC race cars are used to compete in paved race tracks. These RC race cars are specially designed to achieve tops speeds and maintain them during races. The wheels of these RC race cars are often designed for maximum speed and minimum friction.

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2) Off-road- These RC race cars are made to accelerate and maintain control even when the race track is not paved. These RC race cars are specially designed to grip the ground and maintain top speed. The key to off-road racing is high bottom end torque. This allows off-road RC race cars to dominate the competition when encountering tricky obstacles such as mounds.

Different Types of Stock

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Different Types of Stock

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The different types of stock are what confuse most first time investors. That confusion causes people to turn away from the stock market altogether, or to make unwise investments. If you are going to play the stock market, you must know what types of stock are available and what it all means!

Common Stock is a term that you will hear quite often. Anyone can purchase common stock, regardless of age, income, age, or financial standing. Common stock is essentially part ownership in the business you are investing in. As the company grows and earns money, the value of your stock rises. On the other hand, if the company does poorly or goes bankrupt, the value of your stock falls. Common stock holders do not participate in the day to day operations of a business, but they do have the power to elect the board of directors.

Along with common stock, there are also different classes of stock. The different classes of stock in one company are often called Class A and Class B. The first class, class A, essentially gives the stock owner more votes per share of stock than the owners of class B stock. The ability to create different classes of stock in a corporation has existed since 1987. Many investors avoid stock that has more than one class, and stocks that have more than one class are not called common stock.

The most upscale type of stock is of course Preferred Stock. Preferred stock isn’t exactly a stock. It is a mix of a stock and a bond. The owner’s of preferred stock can lay claim to the assets of the company in the case of bankruptcy, and preferred stock holders get the proceeds of the profits from a company before the common stock owners. If you think that you may prefer this preferred stock, be aware that the company typically has the right to buy the stock back from the stock owner and stop paying dividends.

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Conducting Easy And Efficient Stock Research

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Conducting Easy And Efficient Stock Research

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Learning how to navigate the stock market can be a bit of challenge. For the complete novice it can seem like another language. But the ability to successfully journey through this sometimes complicated arena can mean the difference between success and failure. Stock research is absolutely essential to successful investing; and learning how to conduct smart stock research need not be difficult.

Stock research providers exist to help you learn the components of a particular stock – its history, current success rate, and future predicators for its success. Stock research providers can be found online; be sure to find a reputable stock research provider with a track record for success. You are putting your faith – and ultimately your money – at the mercy of a perfect stranger. So it’s best to find someone who comes highly regarded by those who have used his/her services.

The services provided by a stock research provider include acting as a liaison of sorts. A stock research provider will answer your questions, educate you on the complexities of the stock market, and remain watchful of the market with your interests in mind.

A stock research provider will also counsel you on whether to buy or sell particular stocks using a host of tools to determine the short and long term viability of a stock. This is an invaluable service. Their knowledge and expertise can be put to work for you so that you can have the greatest chance of stock market success.

In many cases, the services of a stock research provider are absolutely free. Again, these services can be found online or a professional stock broker may be able to point you in the direction of a reputable stock research provider. Be on the lookout for dishonest stock research providers who are looking to cheat you out of your money.

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If you’re looking to become more participatory in the stock market, begin by investigating stock research providers. With the proper guidance you can have a successful experience that will set the tone for years to come.

Christchurch Castle

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Christchurch Castle

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Christchurch was in the beginning called Twineham and Richard de Redvers, Earl of Devon, in all probability founded its castle in the region of 1100. The town is noted for its priory church, a gem of Norman architecture, but close by stands the Norman House, which is as well of great interest. This ruined building contained the hall and solar of the castle, both apartments standing higher than an unvaulted undercroft.

The original doorway, once upon a time reached by an outside staircase, marks the junction flanked by the two rooms, which were only divided by a wooden dividing wall. A number of two light windows enriched with chevron ornament lighted the hall. Two of them pierce the wall in front of a stream, for example, the outside wall of the castle. In the face of the fact that positioned at first floor level they are too near to the ground and too large for real defense.

Flanked by these two windows is a tall, circular chimney – one of the very oldest in existence in England. The architecture of the hall looks a lot like that of the 1600s, making it the work of Richard de Redvers, the grandson of the founder, or his son Baldwin. The only other remnant of the castle is the motte, bearing two featureless walls of a square tower.

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It may possibly have been a Norman keep, despite the fact that the canted corners suggest at least a remodeling in the later Middle Ages at what time the castle belonged to the Montagu earls of Salisbury. In 1645, the derelict castle became the very last way out of some Roundhead armed forces, who managed to hold out here at what time the Royalists attacked the town. Afterwards, the coastal defenses were destroyed by order of Parliament.

Book Review: Winning Or Losing The Financial And Retirement Race

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Book Review: Winning Or Losing The Financial And Retirement Race

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Everyone alive today is running in the retirement race of their lives, according to Robert Lamoreaux, author of Winning or Losing the Financial & Retirement Race. As with any race, there are rules to be followed, and times are kept to determine the winners and the also rans. Robert Lmoreaux applies the analogy of running a competitive race to achieving a successful financial status for retirement. The book describes in detail how the reader can finish inside the winners circle upon retirement.

Estate planner Robert Lamoreaux brings thirty-five years of hands on estate planning experience to writing this step by step book of retirement race winning strategies. As with any race, the runner must set some goals, and plan tactics and strategies for reaching them successfully. Since everyone alive today, and is running in the race of a lifetime, we all need to prepare for crossing the finish line with our arms raised in triumph. The book sets out the rules and techniques for finishing the race ahead of the pack.

Robert Lamoreaux (photo left) points out in blunt fashion that everyone is included in the race to retirement simply by virtue of being alive. There is no choice in the matter. At the same time, everyone in the race is at different stages, as the race start has staggered entry times. The book considers the various stages of people’s lives, and the different strategies to be employed to lap the field.

From the very young person, to mid and late career people, to those in retirement now and nearing the end of life, easy to follow instructions are described in detail. From goal setting to practical ideas for living life on a more solid financial foundation, the book provides the framework for victory.

As with any race, the runner must work within the rules, and follow the timing procedures set out by society for the determination of your successful progress. While deliberately avoiding the technical and legal intricacies, the author provides the background and advice for discussions with professional people, in the various fields from accounting to financial planning to law. The book provides the base for further investigation and study of the more specific technical details. By emphasising the important concepts that everyone on the road to retirement must know, the author creates a toolbox that can be applied to anyone at any stage of life, or current financial status.

For me, the power of Winning or Losing the Financial & Retirement Race is its practical step by step approach to achieving financial independence upon retirement. Without sacrificing the good life, a healthy and prosperous retirement is a goal that can be reached without serious painful sacrifices. Solid advice for making good investment decisions, operating a sucessful business, and making wise purchases of the necessities of life are covered in detail.

The author also recognizes that the road won’t be smooth, and the race will often have many hurdles to clear and obstacles to avoid. The book features chapters on health and medical expenses, marriage and family expenditures, as well as planning for funeral expenses and estate planning. By not avoiding potentially painful events of life, the book becomes a much more powerful planning tool for the average person.

I recommend Winning or Losing the Financial & Retirement Race by Robert Lamoreaux as a powerful and honest retirement and estate planning guide. Whether you are twenty or eighty, or any age in between, there is advice suited to you and your personal race to retirement.

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Read Winning or Losing the Financial & Retirement Race and be a winner in the retirement race for you and your family. Since you are already entered into the race, you may as well be in it to win it.

Aspen Nightlife – Art Galleries

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Aspen Nightlife – Art Galleries

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Aspen is famous for more than skiing. There are
currently more than thirty art galleries in and around
the Aspen area, where art created by famous artists
around the world resides. Visiting the art galleries in
Aspen is a must, and no Aspen vacation will be
complete without this taste of culture.

Most of the art galleries are within walking distance
of each other, arranged in a three by four block area.
This area is located between Spring Street and
Monarch Street, and Hopkins Avenue and Durant
Street.

You will find everything from vintage poster art at the
Omnibus Gallery to Impressionism art at the Galerie
Du Bois. Visit the Highline Gallery for glass art and
the Pam Driscol Gallery for bronze sculpture art.
Contemporary collections can be found at the
Baldwin Gallery.

While some galleries are open after hours, many
close around 5pm. It is important to find out the
operating hours of the galleries that you want to visit
ahead of time. Many shows and events are planned
at the galleries for the evening hours as well.

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